Android phones, also referred to as Droid phones, are mobile phones, working on an Android operating system, developed by Google. Over the years, this operating system gained popularity among manufacturers and developers as they could easily customize it to suit their respective requirements. Customizing a phone enable the providers to offer a wide range of user interfaces while using the same OS. Most of these phones, even those offered by companies using an alternate operating system, tend to have the same features which go to include the management of personal data, browsing the net, video streaming, plus a number of free as well as paid applications and software.
Android phones make use of the Android operating system, middleware and key applications. The program, written in C language, is based on a Linux kernel. The applications that a phone using an Android OS offers are basically written in Java language.
Many consider Android phones as revolutionary due to the open source configuration. Any developer, whether an amateur or a professional, can write programs for this OS, adding to the ongoing Android development by tendering the same to the Play Store from Google, a closed source application available for the users of Android phones. Consumers are then free to make use of various applications by downloading the same on their personal phone by accessing the library containing these applications.
The users of Android phones may simultaneously run a number of applications, allowing them to perform different tasks at the same time, thus offering them more flexibility of operation, compared to the competing systems. However, the hardware used in the handset plays a significant role. Certain handsets have multi-core processors, making it more convenient for users to run many operations simultaneously.
Many similar devices making use of alternate operating systems have very firm proprietary rules. For example, if you wanted to write an application for iPhone, you are not allowed to make a program which is closely similar to an application already owned and offered by Apple. All applications need Apple’s approval before they get displayed at the Apple App Store. But the users of Android phones have no such restrictions. All applications in this case are developed, courtesy of Open Handset Alliance, an association that supports the development and subsequent use of openly sourced software.
Another distinctive feature of the Android system is the fact that it’s not attached to any manufacturer of hardware in particular. As a manufacturer, you are free to create your own edition of the Android operating system for your phone. It enables a number of companies to use this operating system as a base, and create different versions for their specific needs, thus helping the consumer to make a selection from a wider range of options.
Different editions of Android have been exploited for producing different editions of phones. All significant improvements in this software can be identified through a code, usually based on the name of some desert. Though it is possible to update the older versions and replace those with newer editions of the operating system, this is not possible always due to the changes incorporated in the hardware of phones.